IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is divided into two main modules: IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. These modules serve different purposes and are designed to assess English language proficiency for specific contexts. Here is a detailed explanation of each module:
IELTS Academic: The IELTS Academic module is primarily intended for individuals planning to pursue higher education or seeking professional registration in an English-speaking country. It is specifically designed to evaluate the English language skills necessary for academic study, such as reading and understanding academic texts, writing essays, listening to lectures, and engaging in academic discussions.
Components of IELTS Academic:
Listening: This component assesses the ability to understand and extract information from academic lectures and conversations. Test-takers listen to audio recordings and answer questions related to the content and context of the recordings.
Reading: The reading component measures the ability to comprehend and interpret complex academic texts. Test-takers are presented with a variety of texts, such as journal articles, books, and reports, and must answer questions based on the information provided.
Writing: In the writing component, test-takers are required to demonstrate their ability to present and support arguments, analyze data, and convey information effectively. This includes writing a descriptive or discursive essay and responding to a graph, chart, or diagram.
Speaking: The speaking component assesses the ability to engage in spoken communication in an academic context. Test-takers participate in a face-to-face interview with an examiner and are evaluated based on their ability to express opinions, discuss abstract topics, and engage in a conversation.
IELTS General Training: The IELTS General Training module is primarily aimed at individuals who plan to work or undertake non-academic training programs in an English-speaking country. It focuses on everyday communication skills and evaluates language proficiency in a broader social and workplace context.
Components of IELTS General Training:
Listening: The listening component is similar to the Academic module, assessing the ability to understand conversations and monologues in everyday social and workplace contexts.
Reading: The reading component evaluates the ability to comprehend and interpret texts that are encountered in daily life, such as advertisements, notices, and workplace-related documents.
Writing: The writing component requires test-takers to perform tasks relevant to everyday situations, such as writing a letter requesting information or expressing an opinion, or completing a task based on provided visual information.
Speaking: The speaking component in the General Training module focuses on assessing the ability to communicate effectively in common social and workplace situations. Test-takers engage in a conversation with an examiner, discussing topics related to personal experiences, work, and social situations.
It is important for test-takers to determine which module (Academic or General Training) suits their specific needs and requirements. It is advisable to check the specific requirements of the institution or organization for which the test is being taken to ensure that the appropriate module is chosen.